Hackberry

Hackberry

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Celtis occidentalis (3 Gallon)

Exposure: Full-partial sun
Soil: Medium-wet
Mature Height: 40-60 feet
Mature Width: 40-50 feet

Notable Features: Very adaptable to variety of growing conditions, important for migrating birds. Very interesting bark texture. Great for a street tree! Important pollinator supporting tree species. Fast growth rate when young, slows as it reaches ages 10+ years. Reported to grow 20-25 feet in 10 years.

Attracts: Common Hackberry is a host plant of several butterfly caterpillars, specifically: Asterocampa celtis (Hackberry Emperor), Asterocampa clyton (Tawny Emperor), Libytheana carinenta bachmannii (Snout Butterfly), Nymphalis antiopa (Mourning Cloak), and Polygonia interrogationis (Question Mark). Some moth caterpillars also feed on this tree: Acronicta rubricoma (Ruddy Dagger Moth), Isogonia tenuis (Thin-Lined Owlet), and Heterocampa subrotata (Small Heterocampa). Other insect feeders include Corythucha celtidis (Hackberry Lace Bug), Taedia celtidis (Hackberry Plant Bug), and several Pachypsylla spp. (Hackberry Psyllids). Common Hackberry is often infested with one or more Eriophyes spp. (Hackberry Mites), which cause the twigs to proliferate in rosette-like patterns. This distortion of the twigs is commonly referred to as 'Witches Broom.' Among vertebrate animals, some birds eat the fruit of this tree (pileated woodpecker, northern flicker, robin, Hermit thrush, Swainson's thrush, cedar waxwing), spreading its seeds into new areas.