Notable Features: This is the oak of the flat, wet woods. It has a symmetrical, rounded head in youth, which it maintains throughout its life. Fall color is yellow to brown. Prefers full sun. High ecological value!
Attracts: The following leafhoppers prefer Swamp White Oak as a host plant: Eratoneura accola, Eratoneura fergusoni, and Eratoneura mirifica. Other leafhoppers that feed on this tree include Eratoneura carmini, Eratoneura externa, andEratoneura solita. Other insect feeders include the aphids Myzocallis punctatus and Myzocallis walshii, and the treehoppers Atymna helena and Cyrtolobus maculifrontis. The larvae of a large number of beetles bore through the wood or bark of this and other oaks. These species include Eucrada humeralis (Anobiid Beetle sp.), Arrhenodes minuta (Oak Timberworm), Aneflomorpha subpubescens (Oak Stem Borer), Goes debilis (Oak Branch Pruner), and Oberea gracilis (Oak Sprout Pruner). Other insect feeders include several leaf beetles (Metachroma spp., Pachybrachis spp., etc.), Brachys ovatus (Oak Leaf Miner) and other Brachys spp., larvae of the weevils Attelabus bipustulatus and Homoeolabus analis, the plant bugs Ceratocapsus modestus and Plagiognathus guttulosus, Corythucha arcuata (Oak Lace Bug), and the larvae of various gall wasps (Cynipidae). The caterpillars of Hairstreak butterflies, Duskywing skippers, and numerous moths also feed on the foliage and other parts of oaks. These various insects are an attractive source of food for woodpeckers, warblers, flycatchers, and other insectivorous birds. Acorns are an important source of food for many birds and mammals. Acorn-eating birds include the Wood Duck, Wild Turkey, White-Breasted Nuthatch, Blue Jay, Common Grackle, Rusty Blackbird, Brown Thrasher, Red-Headed Woodpecker, and Red-Bellied Woodpecker.
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